The 4-1-1 On Hardscape Maintenance

Colby Coward Repair and Maintenance

One thing homeowners quickly learn is the importance of regular maintenance and repairs. Putting off projects can be tempting. But before you know it, one minor repair can turn into an overwhelming list that could threaten your home’s value and appearance. As you work through your seasonal to-do list, be sure to address one often-overlooked but crucial component of your property: hardscape maintenance.

What is Hardscaping?

hardscape maintenance - brick and wood pergola with outdoor furniture

Hardscaping is all of the non-living, man-made elements in your yard. Walkways, retaining walls, fences, patios, decks and pergolas are just a few examples of popular hardscape features. These elements complement the flowers, plants, shrubs, and trees that make up the rest of the landscaping around your home. They can enhance the beauty of the surrounding area, create an inviting atmosphere, offer protection, or serve as an entertainment space. Hardscape elements can be made from a variety of materials such as:

  • Stone
  • Concrete
  • Wood
  • Brick
  • Wrought iron

Why is Hardscape Maintenance Necessary?

hardscapes - wood fence with new dark stain

Typical hardscape materials are very durable, but veteran homeowners know that nothing is ever truly maintenance-free. Your yard is constantly exposed to the elements, enduring the impact of rain, sun, wind, and even animals and insects. Natural wear and tear is to be expected. But a little time and effort will address minor concerns before they become big problems that could compromise the stability of the structure. When it comes to hardscape maintenance, some simple to-dos can uphold the beauty of your yard and prolong the life of your investment. 

Benefits of Curb Appeal

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What do I do to Practice Hardscape Maintenance? 

Some hardscape elements require more maintenance than others, and the specifics will depend on the type of materials that make up your structure. Before diving in, make sure the cleaning products you have on hand are safe for the specific materials you’re working on. Between cleanings, periodically apply a sealant to help prevent sun damage, as well as keep out moisture and insects. Hardscape maintenance falls under four general categories: repairing, cleaning, painting or staining, and sealing. Here’s what each type of hardscape feature needs to stay in tip-top shape.

Wood Fences 

hardscape maintenance - wood fence with wrought iron detailing

Wood fences can easily beWhen examining your fence, make sure you tighten or replace loose and missing hardware. Repair or replace any damaged or decaying planks, then deep clean the fence with a power washer to remove organic growth. Stain or paint your fence every three to five years, and apply a sealant every year. Wood that’s exposed to constant moisture will rot, so be sure your sprinklers aren’t pointing directly at the fence and damp soil isn’t making contact with the wood.

Learn More: Keeping Pests Out of Your Yard With Fence Maintenance

Wood Decks, Patio Covers and Pergolas

Decks, should be regularly swept to remove dust and debris. Loose or missing hardware should be tightened and replaced. Damaged wood should be repaired to prevent stability concerns or injury. Scrub the structure using a cleaner made specifically for decks and other outdoor wood features, which can specifically address the removal and prevention of mold. Re-stain or paint the structure every three to five years. Apply a sealant every one to two years, depending on the material and level of use.

Learn More: The Perks of Patio Covers and Pergolas

Stone and Concrete

hardscape maintenance - stone stairway with wrought iron raining

Sweep your stone or concrete with a dry broom to remove dust, debris or anything else that might cause permanent staining, as well as standing water. To clean stone, use a pH-neutral stone cleaner. For concrete, mild dish soap and water will do the trick. For an extra-deep clean, scrub the hardscaping with a push broom. Repair cracks or other damage to prevent further splintering. Apply a sealant every two to three years, especially in high-traffic areas. 


When it comes to structural integrity, water damage is always a concern. Check for damaged mortar and make any necessary repairs immediately. Clean your brick with a hose and scrub brush or power washer.

Wrought-Iron Fence

If your wrought-iron fence is rusted or has chipped, a fresh coat of paint can help prevent further deterioration. Use a wire brush to clear away any remaining rust and sand the fence to remove chipped paint. When re-painting, wipe down the surface and use rust-inhibiting primer and paint. Spray products are usually a good option for wrought-iron because of the many decorative details that can make painting with a brush difficult.

Is Hardscape Maintenance a DIY Project?

backyard pests - fence being sprayed and stained

Thankfully, most maintenance projects are an easy addition to most homeowner’s to-do list. But, when it comes to repairing extensive damage or full replacements, it’s best to contact a professional outdoor contractor. Outdoor contractors know what it takes to effectively build a strong and durable hardscape feature. They can help you select the right materials for your property and ensure the safety and aesthetic of your new build. 

Like the rest of your yard, you want to keep your hardscape functional, safe and pristine. A little maintenance can go a long way in protecting your investment and prolonging the life of one of your home’s best features. 

We're Here for You!

Do you have a hardscaping feature in need of repair or replacement? Give us a call! Our team of professional outdoor contractors can help.